Title:Post Figure (poutokomanawa)Artist:Unknown Date:c. 1840Creation Place:Oceania, Aotearoa (New Zealand), Hawkes BayCredit Line:Gift of Curtis Galleries, Inc.Accession Number:2001.65a,b
This post figure, called poutokomanawa, welcomed guests to a Maori communal house. It portrays an ancestor whose spiritual power infused the building. The unique tattoo pattern carved on his face identified him.
Adorning the body with tattoos is an important art throughout Polynesia and Micronesia. Although its cultural significance and aesthetic qualities vary greatly, many groups value tattooing as a sign of personal and social identity.
The figure's proportions represent Maori beliefs about the different types of energy residing in the human body: the head is scaled larger than life as it is considered the center of personal power, and the hands rest on the stomach to emphasize the life force that links spirits to humans.