1. Modigliani’s sculptures and paintings of women rarely resemble the person he was portraying. He simplified this woman’s appearance, carving only her oval eyes, triangular nose, and circular mouth.
Amedeo Modigliani, Head of a Woman, 1911, limestone, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, gift of Mr. and Mrs. John Cowles
2. Much of Sol LeWitt’s art consists of instructions that are bought by a collector or a museum. People then follow the directions to create a drawing for a wall. Here, lines and angles added together form the composition. LeWitt leaves interpretation to the viewer.
Sol LeWitt, Wall Drawing #9 A & B, 1969/1996, graphite, colored pencil, Walker Art Center, gift of the artist
3. One of the best-known types of abstract art is Cubism. Speaking of his own work, the cubist painter Lyonel Feininger said, “What one sees must be transformed in the mind and crystallized.” Feininger reduced this painting’s subject to geometric shapes, but you can still tell what it is.
Lyonel Feininger, Gross-Kromsdorf I, 1915, oil on canvas, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, bequest of Putnam Dana MacMillan