1. By looking closely at this painting by the Dutch artist Johan Barthold Jongkind, a forerunner to Impressionism, the viewer can see each brushstroke, especially in the clouds and water. The Impressionists often used water imagery in their paintings, because of its ability to show the fleeting nature of the visual experience.
Johan Barthold Jongkind, Dutch, 1819–91. Landscape from Lake Leman to Nyon, 1875. Oil on canvas. Gift of Nathan Cummings.
2. Monet felt the influence of the artist Eugène-Louis Boudin, who specialized in beach scenes. This early Monet seascape, painted before the Impressionist movement had taken hold, shows the beginnings of an open-brushwork style, especially in the short, rhythmic brushstrokes of the water.
Claude Monet, French, 1840–1926. The Seashore at Sainte-Adresse, 1864. Oil on canvas. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Bennett.
3. This work is an example of the enduring influence of the Impressionists. Painted almost 50 years after the Impressionist exhibitions, it shows a moose family, painted with photographic realism, materializing out of an impressionistic landscape.
Bruno Liljefors, Swedish, 1860–1939. Moose Family Entering a Clearing, 1930. Oil on canvas. Gift of the estate of Paul Upcraft in his memory.