1. Rolled over wet clay, the MIA’s cylinder seal leaves an imprint of two human figures, one on horseback.
2. This cylinder seal belonged to Ibni-sharrum, scribe to a Mesopotamian king. The inscription reads “O divine Shar-kali-sharri, Ibni-sharrum the scribe is your servant.”
Mesopotamia, late Akkadian period, reign of Shar-kali-sharri,Cylinder seal of Ibni-sharrum, c. 2217-2193 B.C., diorite, Musée du Louvre, Department of Near Eastern Antiquities, AO 22303. Photography B. White
3. Egyptians used signet seals in the shape of the sacred scarab beetle to identify owners and authenticate documents.
Egypt, Scarab, 1504-1450 B.C., green-glazed steatite, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, The William Hood Dunwoody Fund